China's textile cluster is moving towards a new world-class highland!
"14th Five-Year Plan" cluster development will further optimize industrial layout and improve coordination
In fact, most of the indicators of my country's textile industry have reached or even ahead of the world's advanced level, and the world's most complete modern textile manufacturing industry system has been established. The production and manufacturing capacity and international trade scale have long ranked first in the world, becoming my country's manufacturing industry. The first echelon of the array. In the process of industrial development, the textile industry cluster has played an extremely important supporting role.
In the new historical period, the textile cluster has been given new tasks and missions.
The "14th Five-Year" Development Outline of the Textile Industry (hereinafter referred to as the Outline) proposes that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, my country's textile industry will base itself on the new development stage, implement new development concepts, build The new development pattern will further promote the high-quality development of the industry's "technology, fashion, and green", and determine the new position of the industry in the entire national economy at a new starting point, that is, "the pillar industry of national economic and social development, the solution to people's livelihood and the beautification of life. basic industries, and advantageous industries for international cooperation and integrated development.”
As for the development of clusters, the "Outline" clearly states that it is necessary to optimize the domestic layout to improve the coordination of development:
First, aligning national and regional development strategies. Align with national strategies such as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration, Yangtze River Delta integration, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and Yangtze River Economic Belt, and implement industry development priorities in different regions. The central city focuses on the development of technological innovation platforms and urban fashion industries, and accumulates technological innovation and fashion creative talents. In the mature areas of advanced manufacturing, we will guide the formation of the gathering of leading enterprises such as individual champions, pilot enterprises, specialization and new products, and little giants. Relying on the linkage between the core area within the region to drive the periphery and the downstream to drive the upstream and midstream, the effect of inter-regional linkage development of the textile industry is formed.
Second, to further enhance the level of coordinated regional development. Based on the mid-to-high end of the value chain, the southeastern coastal areas vigorously improve the level of collaborative manufacturing, lean manufacturing and green manufacturing; coordinate international and domestic resources, develop international-level R&D centers, design centers and brand centers, and build a demonstration base for textile intelligent manufacturing. The development of the textile industry will help the industrialization and urbanization of the central and western regions. Based on resource conditions, we will continuously improve the industrial system, service facilities and comprehensive investment environment, continue to guide leading textile enterprises to expand investment in the central and western regions, and encourage returning home to start businesses and expand textiles. Manufacturing scale; expand the local employment scale of surplus rural laborers, improve labor skills, and promote rural revitalization.
Third, promote the development of high-level industrial agglomeration. Using modern technology to promote the construction of a number of world-class textile industry clusters, with world-leading innovation, manufacturing and sustainable development capabilities, a single variety has a world-leading industrial scale, product manufacturing and circulation are deeply embedded in the global value chain, forming a world-leading industry Strong regional brand. Mature industrial cluster areas should give full play to the advantages of production-based professional markets and industrial chain supporting advantages, further highlight the advantages of advanced and green manufacturing, build high-level, modern and intelligent industrial clusters, and combine with urbanization to build characteristic industrial towns to enhance regional brand influence force. Emerging industrial cluster areas take industrial parks as carriers, develop in close coordination with mature areas, build modern textile industry manufacturing bases, and actively integrate into the global textile industry supply chain. Give play to the role of leading enterprises in cross-regional distribution, establish a "headquarters + base" approach through cross-regional mergers and acquisitions, implement a number of major projects and key projects for cross-regional industrial cooperation, and drive small and medium-sized enterprises to integrate into the supply chain system.
Fourth, the public service system is upgraded and developed. Based on the spatial distribution of industrial clusters, it provides high-quality and precise public service supply, and improves service functions such as inspection and testing, R&D and design, exhibition and trade, education and training. To optimize the development environment of each main body of the industrial cluster, local governments, cluster management institutions, scientific research institutes, key enterprises, industry associations and other parties will form a collaboration to jointly improve the public service capabilities of the industrial cluster, and help the overall development of small and medium-sized enterprises in the cluster.
Sun Ruizhe, president of China National Textile and Apparel Council, once said at the Council of China Textile Federation that it is necessary to adhere to the "nationwide game of chess", integrate industrial development into major regional development strategies, and promote the formation of distinctive features, complementary advantages, regional linkage and coordinated development. Industrial Distribution. Promote the construction of new urbanization and rural revitalization with the construction of modern, digital and low-carbon industrial clusters. Accelerate the cultivation of world-class textile industry clusters. Give full play to the leading advantages of the eastern coastal industries and the huge space for industrial development in the central and western regions, strengthen the role of industrial cooperation in counterpart support, and promote common prosperity through industrial development. Take major industrial cooperation projects as traction to drive the orderly transfer of supporting links in the industrial chain.
Build a world-class industrial cluster and move towards the mid-to-high end of the global value chain
In China's economic territory, the more developed the economy is, the more important the textile and garment industry is. As a group with a more complete industrial chain and greater scale advantages, clusters are more innovative and dynamic.
General Secretary Xi Jinping clearly stated in the report of the 19th National Congress: support the optimization and upgrading of traditional industries, accelerate the development of modern service industries, and aim at improving the level of international standards. It is a national strategy to promote my country's industries to move towards the mid-to-high end of the global value chain, cultivate several world-class advanced manufacturing clusters, and build world-class advanced manufacturing clusters.
The construction of a world-class industrial cluster in the textile industry is the need for the status of the pillar industry of the national economy and the status of the people's production industry, the need for industrial modernization and development, and the need for maintaining a leading position in the world. The world-leading Chinese textile industry needs to build a world-class industrial cluster. China's textile industry has made great achievements in equipment, technology and materials. my country has become a big country in textile science and technology with important influence.
After nearly 20 years of exploration, innovation and development, the industrial cluster work of China National Textile and Apparel Council has formed a group of important positions in the industrial economy, playing a pillar role in the regional economy, and promoting the market, expanding employment, technological innovation, It is a pilot area that has made outstanding contributions in many fields such as brand creation. Since 2019, there have been 12 "world-class textile industry cluster pilot zones" that have been applied for by leading clusters in various regions, reviewed and approved by China National Textile and Apparel Council and established a pilot joint construction relationship. There are also Yishang Town in Yuhang District, Hangzhou and Shenzhen City. The two "world-class fashion town pilot areas" of Dalang Fashion Town in Longhua District will be jointly built as a pilot project.
Coincidentally, in the government work report of the two sessions this year, it was also mentioned that the core competitiveness of the manufacturing industry should be enhanced. Start a number of industrial base reengineering projects, promote the upgrading of traditional industries, accelerate the development of advanced manufacturing clusters, and implement national strategic emerging industry cluster projects. Promote the construction of a country with strong quality, and promote the industry to move towards the middle and high end.
Cluster development must grasp the digital development window period
Textile industry is an important pillar industry of my country's national economy, and cluster development is a prominent feature of my country's textile industry. At present, the total number of enterprises in the industrial cluster area exceeds 200,000, including 16,000 enterprises above designated size; the main business income of textile enterprises in the industrial cluster area accounts for more than 45% of the main business income of the national textile industry, and the cluster economy has become the textile industry. The number of employees in the textile industry in the industrial cluster area exceeds 8 million; the textile industry cluster plays an important role in stabilizing growth and employment.
In order to maintain high-quality development in the textile industry in the future, it is necessary to speed up the digital transformation of industrial clusters, promote the transformation and upgrading of textile industry clusters to digital and intelligent with a new generation of information technology, and create a number of digital world-class textile industry clusters.
The digital economy is a powerful engine for smoothing the economic cycle, activating development momentum, and enhancing economic resilience. The data shows that 84% of counties (cities) clearly put forward the digital economy as the main direction of future transformation. The textile industry clusters are mainly distributed in cities and towns, accounting for more than 45% of the main business income of the whole industry, and gathering a large number of small, medium and micro enterprises. Integrating cluster development into regional digital transformation will help resolve the problem of insufficient transformation power and capabilities, and will have higher efficiency.
Of course, we must also pay attention to the policy opportunities of the east and west. Cluster development and industrial transfer match with the changes in traditional elements and market demand, and are also coupled with the convergence of data elements and the development of data clusters. Through the construction of computing power hubs and data center clusters, the Eastern Digital and Western Computing Project can effectively drive the investment and development of digital economy-related industries in the central and western regions. The improvement of information infrastructure makes the foundation for the future development of intelligent manufacturing and digital economy in the west more solid. This gives the west the ability to better undertake the transfer of small and medium-sized enterprises and the possibility of building industrial clusters from a higher starting point.
Specifically, it is necessary to strengthen top-level planning and overall planning, focus on the digital construction of industrial clusters, and promote the coordinated development of industrial digital transformation and regional digital economy. Take advantage of policy opportunities such as East and West calculations to further optimize the layout of industrial productivity. Promote the establishment of a national digital textile and garment industry cluster innovation and development center to strengthen public service capabilities. Establish and improve the information infrastructure construction of industries such as industrial Internet and big data centers, cultivate ecological aggregation platforms, guide enterprises to "go to the cloud, use data, and empower intelligence", and expand digital coverage and penetration. Strengthen the development and application of industrial big data, and promote the productization and service of data in the whole process, scene, touch point, and life cycle of the industry. Deeply cultivate industrial scenarios, strengthen the innovative application of AI, VR and other technologies, promote platform-based design, lean management, intelligent manufacturing, and network collaboration, develop service-oriented manufacturing, and create a flexible supply chain.
It is necessary to integrate industrial development into major regional development strategies, and promote the formation of an industrial layout with distinctive features, complementary advantages, regional linkage and coordinated development. It is necessary to promote new urbanization and comprehensive rural revitalization with the construction of modern, digital and low-carbon industrial clusters.
Based on the new development stage, the fifth review work has special significance in the era
Xia Lingmin, vice president of China National Textile and Apparel Council and director of the China Textile Federation Industrial Cluster Working Committee, once pointed out that the construction of a world-class textile industry cluster pilot area needs to lead the transformation and upgrading of the industry. First, it is necessary to speed up scientific and technological innovation and application of achievements, including textile New materials, advanced textile products, textile green manufacturing, industrial Internet-based textile intelligent manufacturing, and textile industry Internet construction, etc.; secondly, we must speed up the brand promotion of small and medium-sized enterprises, focusing on original design, high quality, and rapid response; thirdly, we must speed up the improvement of the industry Cluster public service system; fourth, we must speed up the innovation of circulation models and the construction of circulation channels; fifth, we must speed up the cultivation of talents.
At the same time, it is necessary to deepen industrial cluster services to help new urbanization construction and rural revitalization. Fully explore the characteristics and advantages of the central and western regions and frontier regions, and promote the inheritance and development of textile intangible cultural heritage. Improve balance and coordination, give full play to the leading advantages of eastern coastal industries and the huge space for industrial development in the central and western regions, strengthen the role of industrial cooperation in counterpart support, take major industrial cooperation projects as traction, and drive the orderly transfer of supporting links in the industrial chain , to promote common prosperity through industrial development.
If the review work of the textile industry cluster is a means to test the closeness of the co-construction relationship, then a large number of interviews, exchanges and investigations, and the summary and promotion of cluster development experience in the process of the review work are more worthy of attention. The development of industrial clusters in different regions has different origin advantages, different resource endowments, different choices of development paths, and different enterprise development strategies. Cluster innovation and development models, resource organization and operation methods also show extensive diversity.
Based on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, and promote the high-quality development of the textile industry cluster. After the textile industry cluster has experienced more than 20 years of organized development, the fifth textile industry cluster review in 2022 The work once again re-investigates the development of clusters in various places, which also has a special significance of the times.
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